What To Do When You Have Painful Gums: Causes, Treatments, and Prevention
Oral Health Blog

What To Do When You Have Painful Gums: Causes, Treatments, and Prevention

Pain in the gums can be incredibly unpleasant and has a number of potential causes. From gum disease to misaligned teeth, there are many potential culprits that can cause this discomfort, as well as many treatments and preventative measures you can take. In this article, we’ll discuss all of these topics in detail so you can be better informed about what to do when your gums are hurting. We’ll also explore signs that you should look out for to understand what could be causing the discomfort, as well as treatments and prevention tips for maintaining healthy gums.

Causes of Painful Gums

In order to understand the causes of painful gums, it is important to first understand the anatomy of the gum tissue. The gum tissue is made up of three main layers: the epithelium, the connective tissue, and the mucous membrane. The epithelium is the outermost layer of the gum tissue and is composed of cells that are constantly shed and replaced. The connective tissue is the middle layer of the gum tissue and consists of collagen fibers, blood vessels, and nerves. The mucous membrane is the innermost layer of the gum tissue and is composed of a thin layer of mucus that helps to keep the area moist.

There are many different things that can cause pain in your gums. One common cause is gingivitis, which is an inflammation of the gums that can be caused by plaque buildup on your teeth. Plaque is a sticky film of bacteria that forms on your teeth and gums and can lead to tooth decay and gum disease if it’s not removed regularly. Gingivitis can cause your gums to become red, swollen, and bleed easily. Another common cause of pain in your gums is periodontitis, which is a more serious form of gum disease that can destroy the bones supporting your teeth. Periodontitis can also cause your gums to recede (pull away from your teeth), making your teeth look longer than they actually are.

Treatments for Painful Gums

Painful gums can be caused by a number of different things, from gum disease to gingivitis. There are a number of different treatments that can help to relieve the pain and discomfort associated with painful gums.

One of the most effective treatments for painful gums is to brush and floss regularly. This helps to remove plaque and bacteria from the teeth and gums, which can help to reduce inflammation and pain. In addition, using a mouthwash that contains fluoride can also help to reduce the pain associated with painful gums.

If you are suffering from gum disease, there are a number of different treatment options available. These include scaling and root planing, which involves removing tartar and bacteria from the teeth and gums. In addition, your dentist may also recommend surgery to correct the problem.

For those who suffer from gingivitis, there are a number of different treatments that can help to improve the health of your gums. These include special mouthwashes, toothpastes and flosses that contain chlorhexidine gluconate. In addition, your dentist may also recommend laser treatment or surgery to remove the diseased tissue from your gums.

Prevention of Painful Gums

There are a few things you can do to prevent painful gums

  • Brush your teeth at least twice a day and floss daily. This will help remove plaque from your teeth and gums.
  • See your dentist regularly for cleanings and checkups. Your dentist can spot early signs of gum disease and help you treat it before it becomes a problem.
  • Quit smoking. Smoking is a major risk factor for gum disease. If you smoke, quitting is the best thing you can do for your oral health.
  • Use B. Weiss water flosser. Not only is using a water flosser gentler on your gums than traditional dental floss, but it also helps stimulate blood flow and promote healthy gum tissue. This makes it an excellent tool for preventing painful gums caused by gingivitis or periodontal disease.

When to See a Dentist

If you have any of the following symptoms, make an appointment with your dentist as soon as possible:

  • persistent gum pain
  • bleeding gums
  • swollen gums
  • receding gums
  • loose teeth
  • new gaps between teeth


We hope this article has given you a better understanding of the causes, treatments and prevention of painful gums. The most important thing to remember is that if you experience persistent or recurring pain in your gums, it's wise to see a dentist as soon as possible for proper diagnosis and treatment. With the right care, you can get your teeth and gums healthy again so that they give you pleasure rather than pain - something we all want!



The content in this article is for informational purposes only and is not a substitute for professional medical advice. Always consult with a healthcare provider before making any changes to your health regimen. The author and publisher do not take responsibility for any consequences resulting from the information provided in this article.