Everything You Need To Know About Black Gums: Causes, Treatments & Prevention
Oral Health Blog

Everything You Need To Know About Black Gums: Causes, Treatments & Prevention

Understanding black gums is important, and incorporating a water flosser into your oral care routine can be beneficial. The targeted cleaning action helps prevent issues contributing to black gums, promoting better gum health and overall prevention.

There are a lot of dental problems that we can experience, but one of the most noticeable and disheartening is black gums. This condition is caused by a combination of factors, including genetics, improper hygiene, disease, and lifestyle habits. And while it may not be life-threatening, it can be difficult to ignore or overlook due to its conspicuous appearance. In this article, you’ll learn all about black gums; from the causes and treatments available to preventative measures you can take. Read on to find out more!

What are black gums?

Black gums occur when the gum tissue around the teeth darkens. The condition can be caused by a build-up of pigment on the gums, or by an underlying medical condition. Treatment for black gums depends on the underlying cause. In some cases, the pigmentation can be removed with laser treatment. If the black gums are caused by an underlying medical condition, treatment will focus on that condition.

Causes of black gums

It is not uncommon to see people with black gums. In fact, according to the American Academy of Periodontology, over half of Americans aged 30 and over have some form of periodontal disease, which can cause gums to turn black.

There are a number of things that can cause black gums, including:

Tobacco use: Smoking or chewing tobacco can cause your gums to become discolored.

Poor oral hygiene: If you don’t brush and floss regularly, plaque and tartar can build up on your teeth and gums, causing them to turn black.

Certain medications: Some medications, such as certain antibiotics, can cause gums to turn black.

Infection: Gum disease is caused by an infection of the gum tissue. This can cause the gums to turn black.

If you have black gums, it’s important to see a dentist so they can determine the cause and recommend treatment. Treatment may involve changing your oral hygiene routine, quitting smoking, taking medication, or having surgery.

Treatments for black gums

If your gums are black, it could be due to several reasons. It could be a sign of gum disease, or it could be caused by certain medications, smoking, or even eating certain foods. Whatever the cause, there are treatments available to help lighten the color of your gums.

The first step in treating black gums is to identify the cause. If your gums are discolored due to smoking, the best way to treat them is to quit smoking. If your gums are discolored due to certain medications, your dentist may be able to prescribe different medications. If your gums are discolored due to gum disease, your dentist will work with you to develop a treatment plan that may include scaling and root planing (a deep cleaning), antibiotics, and/or surgery.

Once the cause of your black gums has been treated, there are also ways to help lighten the color of your gums. Your dentist may recommend using a special toothpaste or mouthwash that contains bleaching agents. You can also try using natural remedies like baking soda or hydrogen peroxide. Whichever method you choose, make sure you follow directions carefully and talk to your dentist before using any type of bleaching agent on your teeth or gums.

Prevention of black gums

The best way to prevent black gums is to practice good oral hygiene. This means brushing your teeth twice a day, flossing daily, and using mouthwash. It’s also important to see your dentist regularly for professional cleanings and checkups.

If you smoke tobacco, quitting is the best way to prevent black gums and other gum problems. Tobacco use is a major risk factor for developing periodontal disease, which can lead to black gums.

Eating a healthy diet is another good way to prevent black gums. Eating foods rich in vitamins and minerals helps keep your gums healthy. Some good choices include leafy green vegetables, citrus fruits, nuts, and yogurt. Avoid sugary foods and drinks, which can promote tooth decay.

When to see a doctor for black gums

If your gums are black, it could be a sign of gum disease. Gum disease is a serious infection of the gums that can lead to tooth loss. If you have gum disease, you should see a dentist right away.

Gum disease is caused by plaque, a sticky film of bacteria that forms on teeth. Plaque irritates the gums and makes them more likely to become infected. The early stage of gum disease is called gingivitis. If gingivitis is not treated, it can progress to periodontitis, which is a more serious form of gum disease.

Symptoms of gum disease include:

  • Swollen or tender gums
  • Gums that bleed easily
  • Bad breath
  • Receding gums
  • Loose teeth

If you have any of these symptoms, you should see a dentist as soon as possible. Treatment for gum disease may involve deep cleaning (scaling and root planing), antibiotics, or surgery.

Don't forget to use B. Weiss water flosser too.

Water flossers are an effective way to clean your gums and remove plaque. Plaque can build up on your gums and cause them to become inflamed. This can lead to gum disease, which can be difficult to treat. 


Black gums are one of the most common dental conditions that many people suffer from. Thankfully, with proper care and preventative measures, black gums can be prevented or reversed if they have already occurred. With regular brushing and flossing, using mouthwash to keep bacteria at bay, and avoiding smoking and other substances that may stain your teeth, you can maintain healthy black-colored gums. 



The content in this article is for informational purposes only and is not a substitute for professional medical advice. Always consult with a healthcare provider before making any changes to your health regimen. The author and publisher do not take responsibility for any consequences resulting from the information provided in this article.